Digestive Illness Week (DDW) 2022, held just about and in San Diego, California, from Could 21 to 24, will characteristic analysis and displays exploring new methods to stop and deal with digestive illnesses.
Investigators within the subject of digestive illness and members of societies together with the American Gastroenterological Affiliation, American Affiliation for the Research of Liver Illnesses, and American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, convene every year throughout Digestive Disease Week (DDW) to current the newest findings in digestive illness.
This yr, with the assembly welcoming in-person attendance for the primary time for the reason that COVID-19 pandemic hit, matters mentioned and debated at DDW from Could 21 to 24 will embody the intestine/mind/microbiome axis, the opportunity of stopping or reversing illness, the significance of whole-person remedy, and extra.
The Complicated Impression of the Microbiome on Well being
Current years have seen rising consciousness of and analysis on the intestine microbiome, or the group of microorganisms discovered within the digestive system, and its influence on illness states starting from type 2 diabetes to allergic disease. DDW 2022 will characteristic quite a few periods and abstracts on the microbiome, together with a symposium on intestine microbiota as a biomarker of digestive well being and total diet, in addition to a lecture on the potential harms of pursuing optimum intestine well being.
Restoring the microbiome could be an goal of remedy for Clostridioides difficile infection, and abstracts will focus on the promising outcomes of latest therapies in engaging in this purpose. Moreover, investigators previewing their findings in a press name forward of the assembly famous that the microbiome is implicated within the discovery that antibiotic remedy may be a risk factor for improvement of inflammatory bowel illness (IBD) in older sufferers.
Restoration of Sufferers and Physicians After COVID-19
COVID-19 and its ramifications are inescapable as a subject of debate at each main medical assembly, and DDW 2022 will likely be no exception. As the US shifts its method to the pandemic, extra analysis is specializing in the long-term results of each the illness itself and its disruption of regular life. A State-of-the-Artwork Lecture at DDW will discover how alcohol use dysfunction could have impacted liver well being in the US over the previous 2 years and the way hepatologists may also help their sufferers recuperate put up pandemic.
Doctor practices can also must recuperate from the monetary challenges posed by the pandemic, so lectures will intention to advise clinicians on learn how to recuperate their work-life stability, navigate the brand new regular of telehealth, and efficiently encourage sufferers to return to the doctor’s workplace.
Shifting Upstream From Therapy to Reversal and Prevention
DDW 2022 will characteristic a plethora of abstracts and lectures on new strategies of treating illness, however this system additionally reveals an emphasis on reversing established illness and even stopping it from occurring in any respect. Audio system at a symposium will focus on how food plan and life-style adjustments, microbiome well being, and medicines reminiscent of aspirin could also be harnessed to stop the event of gastrointestinal cancers.
The potential of prevention just isn’t restricted to most cancers, as different periods will cowl prevention of nonalcoholic fatty liver illness (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Even when illness can’t be prevented, researchers are aiming to reverse its results, as will likely be mentioned in a lecture on how weight reduction therapies could assist to reverse the trajectory of NAFLD.
Entire-Particular person Therapy of Digestive Illness
A number of periods at DDW 2022 will give attention to holistically understanding the affected person on the heart of digestive illness to be able to finest predict danger and assist the affected person’s wants. As an illustration, a lecture in regards to the “meals surroundings” goals to discover how an individual’s genes, gastrointestinal phenotype, surroundings, and food plan all collide to contribute to their danger of weight problems. There can even be a symposium discussing how well being disparities—together with structural violence, racial inequities, and discrimination—affect the human microbiome and colorectal most cancers danger.
Protecting the entire affected person in thoughts is essential to profitable remedy, not simply figuring out elevated danger. A lecture will educate attendees on the intense psychological impacts of dwelling with IBD, which might embody sleep disturbances, nervousness, and even posttraumatic stress dysfunction, and the way sufferers can be taught to handle these impacts by the assistance of remedy.
Harnessing AI and Tech for Therapy and Follow Administration
Quite a few abstracts will current findings on the use and outcomes of telehealth amongst sufferers with digestive illnesses, together with adherence to pre-endoscopy consultations carried out just about vs in particular person and affected person satisfaction with video visits for circumstances reminiscent of gastroesophageal reflux illness and IBD.
Along with the discussions of telehealth as a seamless presence past the COVID-19 pandemic, different periods will tackle how digital applied sciences and synthetic intelligence (AI) may also help practitioners and sufferers. A symposium will characteristic displays on using AI in colonoscopy, upstream affected person identification, medical report upkeep, and extra. One other lecture will give attention to using robotic applied sciences in endoscopy and the potential of AI to evaluate IBD severity.